Debian is the GNU/Linux operating system developed by �Debian Project’ community. Debian is 5th/6th most-used Linux operating system in the world. More interesting fact about Debian is the no. of distros based on it – there are around 41 distros based directly on it and around 100 distros that are indirectly based on Debian GNU/Linux operating system (Indirectly means they are based on a distro, which itself is based on Debian). Debian uses Linux as its kernel and took other important tools from GNU Project.
Debian was developed by Ian Murdock. You must be wondering that how come then it is named as Debian. I will tell you the reason behind it. Ian initially called the system “the Debian Linux Release”. The word “Debian” was formed as a combination of the first name of his then-girlfriend Debra Lynn and his own first name. He surely, had been in true love with Debra. This small step of his, was a stepping stone for GNU/Linux history. Today, many successful distros, including the first and second most-used (Ubuntu and Linux Mint respectively) Linux operating systems are based on Debian.
Debian is a secure and robust operating system. This is the only reason why it is so popular to be used as a base for other distros. Debian has also largest repository of apps – it has around more than 29000 free apps. It’s because Debian team thinks that “the thing that people want is application software” so that they can do their everyday tasks such as printing, editing document, manipulating a picture, listening music, watching movies, etc. Debian developers believe in software freedom and show their effort for creating excellent free software by releasing Debian.
Based On: Indpendent
Developer: Ian Murdock developed initial release. At present, it is managed by Debian.org’s developers.
Project start year: 1993
OS Purpose: General computing
Automatic boot support: Yes
Default Language: English
Live boot version: Available
Default Desktop Environment(s): GNOME, KDE, LXDE, Xfce
Software package management: Advanced Package Tool (APT) using DEB packages
Download options: HTTP/FTP, BitTorrent, Jigdo
Pros: Large repository of free apps, Trustworthy, Bugs are fixed quickly
Cons: People find it less user-friendly, Ubuntu is better and popular